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The Eighty Great Disciples of the Lord Buddha

Homage to the Blessed One, the Worthy One, the Highest Self Enlightened One!

2014-07-23


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Matika 141. A person who respects Buddhism as a supporter in order to lead one’s way of life is called a Buddhaparisa (the four assemblies of Buddhists). There are 4 kinds of Buddhaparisa, as follows:

(1) Bhikkhuangha (Buddhist monks) means those men who have attained 20 years of age and have entered the monkshood by natticatutthakammavaca Ordination among the community of Bhikkhuangha, including Samanera (male novices).
(2) Bhikkhunisangha (Buddhist nuns) means those women who have attained 20 years of age and have been Sikkhamana (female novices undergoing a probationary course of two years before receiving the higher ordination). They have been ordained by natticatutthakammavaca Ordination among the community of Bhikkhunisangha, including women who are Sikkhamana and Samaneri (female novices).
(3) Upasaka (laymen) means male householders who have taken refuge in The Triple Gems or have devoted themselves to the Lord Buddha.
(4) Upasika (laywomen) means female householders who have taken refuge in the Triple Gems or have devoted themselves to the Lord Buddha.


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Matika 142. The Lord Buddha praised the great disciples for their specialization in various skills called Etadagga. There were 41 specialized disciples as follows

(1) Annakondanna was a Rattannu (an elder of long standing).
(2) Sariputta was a Bhikkhu of great wisdom.
(3) Mahamoggallana was a Bhikkhu of great supernatural powers.
(4) Mahakassapa was a Bhikkhu of great Dhutanga (Austere Practices).
(5) Anuruddha was a great one with divine eyes.
(6) Bhaddiya (Bhattiya) was born of an aristocratic family.
(7) Lakuntaka Bhaddiya (Bhattiya) was a great one with a beautiful voice.
(8) Pindolabharadavaja was a great one who had powerful speech.
(9) Punnamantaniputta was a great sermon giver.
(10) Mahakaccayana was a great one who disclosed a summary.
(11) Culapanthaka was a great one with mind-made magical powers.
(12) Mahapanthaka was a great one who attained insight meditation.
(13) Subhuti was great goodwill progress absorption and a great individual deserving donations.
(14) Khadiravaniyarevata was a great Bhikkhu staying in the forest.
(15) Kankharevata was pleased with Jhana (absorption).
(16) Sonakolivisa was a Bhikkhu of the great effort.

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(17) Sonakutikanna was a great sermon giver with beautiful speech.
(18) Sivali was a great Bhikkhu with the best of luck.
(19) Vakkali was a Bhikkhu of great faithfulness.
(20) Rahula was a great one in gaining knowledge.
(21) Rathapala was a great one who was ordained with faithfulness.
(22) Kundadhana was a Bhikkhu of the first lucky draw.
(23) Vangisa was a Bhikkhu of great wit.
(24) Upasena was a Bhikkhu who believed whole-heartedly.
(25) Dabbamallaputta was great at accommodations arrangement.
(26) Pilindavaccha was a great one who was beloved by the celestials.
(27) Bahiyadaruciriya was one who attained enlightenment quickly.
(28) Kumarakassapa was a great one who gave gorgeous Dhamma.
(29) Mahakotathiti was a great Bhikkhu with analytic insight.
(30) Ananda was a Bhikkhu who had great knowledge, consciousness, moral precepts, effort, and he was a great supporter.
(31) Uruvelakassapa was a great one who had many followers. (32) Kaludayi was a great one who made his family believe whole-heartedly.
(33) Bakkula was a Bhikkhu who was rarely sick.
(34) Sobhita was a great one who remembered former existences.
(35) Upali was a great strict disciplinarian.
(36) Nandaka was great at teaching Bhikkhuni (Buddhist nuns).
(37) Nanda was a great one at controlling the sense faculties (Indriya).
(38) Mahakappina was great at teaching Bhikkhu (Buddhist monks).
(39) Sagata was a great practitioner of the Fire Kasina (Tejo).
(40) Radha was a Bhikkhu of great clear wit.
(41) Mogharaja was a Bhikkhu in old gloomy yellow robes.

Matika 143. Asitimahasavaka (the 80 great disciples) were the great Bhikkhu who propagated Buddhism while the Lord Buddha was alive until he died (Parinibbana). There were 80 great disciples, namely:


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(1) Annakondanna
(2) Sariputta
(3) Mahamoggallana
(4) Mahakassapa
(5) Anuruddha
(6) Bhaddiya (Bhattiya)
(7) Lakuntaka Bhaddiya (Bhattiya)
(8) Pindolabharadavaja
(9) Punnamantaniputta
(10) Mahakaccayana
(11) Culapanthaka
(12) Mahapanthaka
(13) Subhuti
(14) Khadiravaniyarevata
(15) Kankharevata
(16) Sonakolivisa
(17) Sonakutikanna
(18) Sivali
(19) Vakkali
(20) Rahula
(21) Rathpala
(22) Kundadhana
(23) Vangisa
(24) Upasena
(25) Dabbamallaputta
(26) Pilindavaccha
(27) Bahiyadaruciriya
(28) Kumarakassapa
(29) Mahakotathiti
(30) Ananda
(31) Uruvelakassapa
(32) Kaludayi
(33) Bakkula
(34) Sobhita
(35) Upali
(36) Nandaka
(37) Nanda
(38) Mahakappina
(39) Sagata
(40) Radha
(41) Mogharaja
(42) Vappa
(43) Bhaddiya
(44) Mahanama
(45) Assaji
(46) Yasa
(47) Vimala
(48) Subahu
(49) Punnaji
(50) Gavampati
(51) Nadikassapa
(52) Gayakassapa
(53) Ajita
(54) Tissametteyya
(55) Punnaka
(56) Mettagu
(57) Dhotaka
(58) Upasiva
(59) Nanda
(60) Hemaka
(61) Todeyya
(62) Kappa
(63) Jatukanni
(64) Bhadravudha
(65) Udaya
(66) Posala
(67) Pingiya
(68) Bhaggu
(69) Kimpila
(70) Udayi
(71) Upavana
(72) Meghiya
(73) Nagita
(74) Cunta
(75) Yasoja
(76) Sabhiya
(77) Sela
(78) Mahaparantapa
(79) Nalaka
(80) Angulimala

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Matika 144. Sanghaguna (Virtues of the Sangha) means the nine virtues of the Sangha (Buddhist monks) who follow the Lord Buddha’s precepts. Their virtues are as follows:

(1) Be noble disciples of good conduct.
(2) Be of upright conduct and aim for Nibbana attainment.
(3) Be of right conduct in order to attain enlightenment.
(4) Be good followers who respect the Dhamma.
(5) Be worthy of gift-giving.
(6) Be worthy of hospitality.
(7) Be worthy of offering.
(8) Be worthy of reverential salutation.
(9) Be a great field of merit.

Matika 145. A preceptor is not allowed to guide one who is going to be ordained before receiving full ordination. If any preceptor does that, he offends the disciplinary rules called apatti Dukkata (an offence of wrongdoing).

Matika 146. When taking up Bhikkhuhip, there must be 10 or more Buddhist monks who participate in the ordination ceremony. If there are less than 10 monks, it is not a full admission to the Sangha. Every monk offends the disciplinary rules (apatti Dukkata or an offence of wrongdoing) except in rural areas where at least 5 Buddhist monks can take part in an ordination ceremony.


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Matika 147. The characteristics of a Bhikkhu (a Buddhist monk) who is a preceptor, are as follows:

(1) a noble one who has pure Sila (moral conduct).
(2) a noble one of Jhana (absorption).
(3) a noble one of wisdom resulting from mental development.
(4) a noble one of release from defilements.
(5) a noble one of nana (insight).
(6) one who was ordained 10 or more years (vassa).

Matika 148. Bhikkhu (Buddhist monks) should not pay respect to the following:

(1) A person who has been ordained for fewer vassa (rainy seasons) than oneself.
(2) A person who has not been ordained or is a householder.
(3) Bhikkhu (Buddhist monks) in different Nikaya (groups) who speak unrighteously; even though they are older.
(4) one who is female.
(5) one who is a ladies’ man (a homosexual).
(6) Bhikkhu who are on probation (Parivasa).
(7) Bhikkhu who commit offences again while being on Probation (Parivasa).
(8) Bhikkhu who should do penance (Manatta).
(9) Bhikkhu who are doing penance (Manatta).
(10) Bhikkhu who have returned to the community of Sangha after confessing to an offence.


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Matika 149. Bhikkhu (Buddhist monks) should pay respect to the following:

(1) A person who has been ordained many more vassa (rainy seasons) than oneself.
(2) Older Bhikkhu (Buddhist monks) in different Nikaya (groups) who speak righteously.
(3) The Lord Buddha.

Matika 150. Bhikkhuangha (Buddhist monks) must follow the prescripts as disciplinary rules, or Sila; totaling 227 rules, as follows:

(1) apatti Parajika (Major offences). There are 4 disciplinary rules.
(2) apatti Sanghadisesa (an offence entailing initial and subsequent meetings of the Sangha). There are 13 disciplinary rules.
(3) apatti Aniyata (Indefinite Rules). There are 2 disciplinary rules.
(4) apatti Nissaggiya-pacittiya (an offence entailing expiation with forfeiture). There are 30 disciplinary rules.
(5) apatti Pacittiya (Minor Offences). There are 92 disciplinary rules.
(6) apatti Patidesaniya (an offence to be confessed). There are 4 disciplinary rules.
(7) apatti Dukkata (an offence of wrongdoing). There are 75 disciplinary rules.
(8) Adhikaranasamatha (settling of a case; settlement of legal processes) means the principles of transaction and contemplation of the Sangha’s case. There are 7 rules.


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Matika 151. Bhikkhunisangha (Buddhist nuns) must follow the prescripts as disciplinary rules, or Sila; totaling 311 rules. The Lord Buddha prescribed 130 disciplinary rules for Buddhist nuns, plus 181 rules for Buddhist monks. The 311 disciplinary rules for Buddhist nuns are as follows:

(1) apatti Parajika (Major Offences). There are 4 disciplinary rules which are prescribed for Bhikkhunisangha, plus 4 disciplinary rules of Bhikkhuangha; totaling 8 rules.
(2) apatti Sanghadisesa (an offence entailing initial and subsequent meetings of the Sangha). There are 10 disciplinary rules which are prescribed for Bhikkhuni-sangha, plus 7 disciplinary rules of Bikkhusangha; totaling 17 rules.
(3) apatti Nissaggiya-pacittiya (an offence entailing expiation with forfeiture). There are 12 disciplinary rules which are prescribed for Bhikkhunisangha, plus 18 disciplinary rules of Bhikkhuangha; totaling 30 rules.
(4) apatti Pacittiya (Minor Offences). There are 96 disciplinary rules which are prescribed for Bhikkhunisangha, plus 70 disciplinary rules of Bhikkhuangha; totaling 166 rules.
(5) apatti Patidesaniya (an offence to be confessed). There are 8 disciplinary rules which are prescribed for Bhikkhunisangha only. It is not allowed to hold Bhikkhuangha’s disciplinary rules.
(6) apatti Dukkata (an offence of wrongdoing) All offences in Sekhiyavatta of which there are 75 disciplinary rules for Bhikkhuangha are up held by the Bhikkhunisangha because there are no rules which are prescribed for them.
(7) Adhikaranasamatha (settling of a case; settlement of legal processes) means the principles of transaction and contemplation of the Sangha’s case. The 7 disciplinary rules are held by Bhikkhunisangha. There are no new rules which are prescribed for them.


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Matika 152. A Bhikkhuni (a Buddhist nun) who is a preceptor ordained as Sikkhamana (a female novice undergoing a probationary course of two years) to be Bhikkhuni. Only one female novice is ordained in alternate years. The preceptor is not allowed to ordain 2 female novices.

Matika 153. The Lord Buddha praised the great Bhikkhuni for their specialization in various skills call Etadagga. There were 13 specialized Buddhist nuns, as follows:

(1) Mahapajapati was a Rattannu (an elder of long standing).
(2) Khema was a Bhikkhuni of great wisdom.
(3) Upolvanna was a Bhikkhuni of great supernatural powers.
(4) Dhammadinna was a great sermon giver.
(5) Patacara was a great strict disciplinarian.
(6) Sakula was a great Bhikkhuni with divine eyes.
(7) Kisagotami was Bhikkhuni in old gloomy yellow robes.
(8) Nanda was a great one of Jhana Samapatti (Jhana attainment).
(9) Bhaddakundolkesa was one who attained enlightenment quickly.
(10) Bhaddakapilani was great one at remembering former existences.
(11) Sona was a Bhikkhuni of the great effort.
(12) Singalamata was one who achieved by faith.
(13) Baddakaccana (Bimba) was one who achieved super knowledge.


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Matika 154. Bhikkhu (Buddhist monks) should react to the Tripitaka (the Three Baskets) and beliefs, as follows:

(1) Do not compose the Lord Buddha’s sayings in Sansakrit poetry.
(2) Do not learn and teach the worldly canon or Brahmin astrology.
(3) Do not learn and teach Tiracchanavijja (any study to be an obstacle on the way to Nibbana).
(4) Do not believe in fortune, but do not contradict other people if they believe in their faith.

Matika 155. Bhikkhu (Buddhist monks) whose paths are to attain Nibbana should react to women as follows:

(1) Do not look at them.
(2) If it is necessary to look at them, do not speak to them.
(3) If it is necessary to speak to them, be fully conscious.

May all be happy and well!

From: http://www.buddhaleela.com/buddhist_monks.htm

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