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How to be Reborn as Sakkha, the King of Gods (Devas) 1—1

Homage to the Blessed One, the Worthy One, the Highest Self Enlightened One!

Chandrani Fernando

2015-04-02

Deva Sutta 1 of 3


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Deva sutta: How to be the king of gods, is found in the Sanyutta Nikaya. It is a sutta that was told by the Buddha for the benefit of those who wanted to be reborn as gods. Although the ultimate goal of Buddhists is to attain Nibbana, people are reborn as Brahmas, gods, asuras, yakkas, perethayas, humans, animals etc. Of these rebirths, people prefer to be reborn as gods as those realms are only meant for pleasure. One does not find unhappiness or sickness in these realms.

Sakka being the king of the gods, people were interested in knowing the factors that would lead to the birth of Sakka. Hence Buddha explained how one could do meritorious deeds and attain such a status. Deva suttas 1, 2 and 3 give you an idea of how to be a meritful god. Below are the Deva suttas as they appear in the Sanyutta Nikaya.

Once Gauthama Buddha was residing at Jethavanaramaya in the city of Savaththi which was built by the Royal Treasurer Anatha Pindika.

The Buddha addressed the monks and described how Sakka, the king of the gods attained that position. Sakka in a previous birth observed seven commitments when he was a human being.

What were these seven commitments observed by him?


“Dana (Giving) 1 — Venerable Dr. K. Sri Dhammananda Thero.” Click on the video to play it. View Full Video >

“Matha Peththibharan Janthun
Kule Jetta Pachainan,
Sanhan Sakhila Sambhasan,
Pesouneiyyapahainan,
Machchera Vinaye Yuththan,
Sachchan Kodhabhibhun Naran
Than che deva Thavathinse
Ahu Sappuriso Iththeethi”

Gods living in the realm of Thavathinsa observed that these great qualities were found in their king’s personality. These great qualities were practised by King Sakka when he was a human being.

1. During his life, he looked after his parents well.

2. Throughout his life, he respected and paid due reverence to the elderly persons of his clan.

3. Throughout his life, he never used harsh words. He only spoke kind words that a person would like to hear.

4. Throughout his life, he never carried tales.

5. He was not a miser, but always ready to give.

6. He never told lies.

7. Throughout his life, he never lost his temper. Even if he got angry it was only for a limited minute or two.


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Hence according to Deva Sutta (No.1) as the Sakka observed these seven good qualities in a previous birth he became the Sakka, the king of gods (devas or divine beings).

Gauthama Buddha said that as Sakka observed these great commitments he obtained Sakkahood. Gauthama Buddha further described this in the 2nd Deva Sutta too.

May all be happy and well!

From: http://www.sundaytimes.lk/070429/Plus/017_pls.html

Photos: http://mahamegha.lk

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